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Most of the work in ancient Egypt was carried out by those working on the land. This is reflected in many of the artefacts found in tombs. For example, shabtis, who were largely intended to carry out work for their owners in the afterlife, carried the implements of agriculture. They are usually shown with a seedbag on their backs and hoes in their hands. On the left you can see a shabti carrying two hoes. Some are also shown with brick moulds. Indeed the shabti spell specifically refers to making arable the fields.

Additionally, wooden ards or hoes are commonly found in tombs. While these were probably used for ritual hoeing, such items were essential to everyday life along the Nile. As well as wooden hoes, copper hoes are also known.

On settlement sites, sickle blades abound. These items are found in their hundreds for example, from the royal site of Amarna.