The dead and gods had to be provided for.
Offerings to the gods
Ideologically, only the king could give offerings to the gods, however, in reality priests could do this for him and in many instances the common people also gave votive offerings.
In the Egypt Centre we have a door of a shrine showing a king offering. We also have votive offerings given by the general populace.
Liquid offerings could be given using ritual vessels such as hes-vases or situlae. Incense and music were also given as offerings.
Offerings to the dead
In ancient Egypt the dead had to be provided for. They had to be fed and housed but also had to eat. They were provided for in a variety of different ways. They could be fed by:
Some of the food models were made of clay and placed on clay offering trays.